Countries ranked by net migration

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Countries ranked by net migration, measured by net total of migrants during a five-year period, using the latest data from the World Bank.

Map of countries by net migration
Countries ranked by net migration (red negative migration; blue positive) (World Bank/CC BY-4.0)

Net migration is the number of immigrants into a country minus the number of emigrants out of a country, including citizens and non-citizens, over a five-year period.

The movement of people, most often through migration, is a significant part of global integration. Migrants contribute to the economies of both their host country and their country of origin.

The figures used are estimates from the United Nations Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs and its accompanying annual report, the International Migrant Stock.

10 lowest & highest net migration

Highest net migration


  1. USA
  2. Germany
  3. Russia
  4. Turkey
  5. Saudi Arabia
  6. Italy
  7. Iraq
  8. UK
  9. Canada
  10. Lebanon

Lowest net migration

Key findings

  • 75 countries have positive net migration (more people entering than leaving).
  • 119 countries have negative net migration (more people leaving than entering).
  • The USA has the highest net migration with 4,961,716.
  • Syria has the lowest net migration with -5,386,986.
  • Of the countries with positive net migration, Bhutan has the lowest figure of 300.
  • The global number of international migrants reached an estimated 272 million in 2019, an increase of 51 million since 2010.
  • The global number of international migrants has grown faster than the world’s population.
  • In 2019, 66% of all international migrants were living in just 20 countries.
  • Over 40% of all international migrants in 2019 had been born in Europe (61 million) or in Central and Southern Asia (50 million).
  • 33% of all international migrants originate in only 10 countries.
  • In 2019, women comprise just less than half of all international migrants.
  • 75% of all international migrants are of working age (20-64 years).
  • One out of every seven international migrants is below the age of 20 years old.

Countries ranked by net migration

The table shows 194 of the world’s countries ranked by net migration

Some countries may have been omitted due to insufficient data.

RankCountryNet migration
1USA4,961,716
2Germany1,938,576
3Russia1,800,600
4Turkey1,763,078
5Saudi Arabia1,722,804
6Italy1,637,369
7Iraq1,303,607
8UK1,300,231
9Canada1,241,416
10Lebanon1,192,354
11Jordan1,056,759
12Australia989,375
13South Africa919,697
14Oman885,782
15Qatar604,852
16Kuwait580,000
17Afghanistan521,769
18France423,831
19South Korea401,183
20Ethiopia399,997
21Switzerland397,267
22Japan358,133
23Singapore317,028
24UAE270,000
25Austria267,172
26Belgium258,672
27Sweden253,958
28Malaysia249,999
29Norway221,814
30Thailand167,314
31Angola166,267
32Chile163,730
33Kazakhstan159,807
34Ukraine132,154
35Denmark106,841
36Gabon100,317
37Chad100,000
38New Zealand90,895
39Equatorial Guinea89,999
40Finland81,416
41Hong Kong74,892
42Belarus72,123
43Netherlands62,687
44Czech Rep.59,997
45Maldives58,358
46Luxembourg48,704
47Macao SAR, China42,350
48Bahrain42,000
49Argentina30,000
50Hungary29,999
51Serbia29,559
52Panama28,105
53Mauritania25,002
54Liberia25,000
55Cyprus22,509
56Costa Rica19,658
57Israel19,497
58Niger18,911
59Slovenia16,571
60Brazil15,924
61Malta15,505
62DR Congo15,060
63Slovakia11,346
64Azerbaijan8,499
65Belize7,594
66Curacao6,817
67Djibouti6,002
68The Bahamas4,999
69St. Lucia4,360
70Channel Islands3,570
71New Caledonia3,003
72Vanuatu1,785
73Aruba1,253
74Antigua & Barbuda943
75Bhutan300
76Barbados-397
77Brunei Darussalam-901
78Seychelles-1,000
79Grenada-1,000
80Iceland-2,163
81St. Vincent & Gren.-2,934
82Micronesia-2,999
83Montenegro-3,112
84Trinidad & Tobago-3,999
85Papua New Guinea-3,999
86Kiribati-4,123
87Mongolia-4,262
88US Virgin Islands-4,501
89Suriname-5,000
90Guinea-Bissau-7,005
91Moldova-7,020
92Madagascar-7,500
93Guam-7,594
94Solomon Islands-7,998
95French Polynesia-8,016
96Cabo Verde-8,029
97Sao Tome & Principe-8,400
98North Macedonia-8,853
99Togo-9,994
100Comoros-10,000
101Estonia-10,516
102Mauritius-12,079
103Samoa-12,189
104Tonga-12,992
105The Gambia-15,436
106Sierra Leone-21,000
107Bulgaria-24,472
108Mozambique-25,000
109North Korea-27,013
110Timor-Leste-28,030
111Honduras-30,000
112Uruguay-30,000
113Armenia-30,535
114Guyana-34,999
115Cameroon-36,000
116Namibia-37,034
117Ecuador-38,001
118Croatia-38,493
119Eswatini-41,764
120Benin-42,268
121Lesotho-47,704
122Zambia-50,000
123Ghana-50,000
124Kenya-50,000
125Turkmenistan-50,002
126Guatemala-50,131
127Fiji-51,950
128Jamaica-56,658
129Bolivia-57,620
130Congo-60,000
131Uzbekistan-66,469
132Burundi-70,001
133Botswana-73,138
134Yemen-75,010
135Cote d’Ivoire-80,000
136Cuba-80,000
137Malawi-80,263
138Latvia-83,325
139Paraguay-87,130
140Kyrgyzstan-93,353
141Georgia-95,340
142South Sudan-100,000
143Rwanda-108,094
144Ireland-111,819
145Laos-112,313
146Burkina Faso-125,000
147Nicaragua-135,020
148Albania-136,590
149Tajikistan-136,974
150Portugal-140,000
151Algeria-143,268
152Lithuania-146,217
153Cambodia-149,999
154Haiti-150,000
155Tunisia-150,000
156Dominican Rep.-153,000
157West Bank & Gaza-157,065
158Greece-161,799
159Colombia-193,380
160Senegal-214,002
161Somalia-233,405
162El Salvador-240,415
163Puerto Rico-242,701
164Eritrea-246,000
165Tanzania-250,435
166Bosnia & Herz.-258,529
167Egypt-280,944
168Guinea-293,749
169Uganda-299,994
170Nigeria-300,000
171Romania-300,001
172Libya-300,002
173Mali-302,449
174Poland-320,806
175Morocco-367,108
176Central African Rep.-396,129
177Vietnam-399,999
178Mexico-422,477
179Venezuela-431,040
180Indonesia-454,447
181Sri Lanka-484,772
182Iran-502,345
183Spain-520,442
184Myanmar-528,211
185Sudan-538,145
186Zimbabwe-622,997
187Peru-624,809
188Philippines-834,619
189Pakistan-1,079,167
190China-1,552,209
191Nepal-2,040,239
192Bangladesh-2,306,839
193India-2,350,075
194Syria-5,386,986

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators