Human Development Index (HDI) – country rankings

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A ranking of the world’s most developed countries using the latest Human Development Index (HDI) from the UN Development Programme.

map of the human development index
Human Development Index (Public Domain)

Used by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to measure a country’s development, the Human Development Index (HDI) is an index assessing three key dimensions of human development:

1. A long and healthy life measured by life expectancy.

2. Access to education measured by expected years of schooling of children at school-entry age and mean years of schooling of the adult population.

3. A decent standard of living measured by Gross National Income per capita adjusted for the price level of the country.

The HDI was created to shift the assessment of human development away from economic growth alone. The HDI puts emphasis on people and their capabilities, as opposed to their economic situation alone.

Thirty years ago, UNDP created a new way to conceive and measure progress. Instead of using growth in GDP as the sole measure of development, we ranked the world’s countries by their human development: by whether people in each country have the freedom and opportunity to live the lives they value.

– United Nations Development Programme

10 least & most developed countries

Most developed

  1. Norway
  2. Ireland
  3. Switzerland
  4. Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  5. Iceland
  6. Germany
  7. Sweden
  8. Australia
  9. Netherlands
  10. Denmark

Human Development Index (HDI) – complete ranking

The table below ranks the world’s countries by their HDI score – the mean of the normalized indices for each of the three key dimensions listed above.

Some countries and territories may have been omitted due to insufficient data.

RankCountryHDI
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1Norway0.957
2Ireland0.955
2Switzerland0.955
4Hong Kong, China (SAR)0.949
4Iceland0.949
6Germany0.947
7Sweden0.945
8Australia0.944
8Netherlands0.944
10Denmark0.940
11Finland0.938
11Singapore0.938
13UK0.932
14Belgium0.931
14New Zealand0.931
16Canada0.929
17USA0.926
18Austria0.922
19Israel0.919
19Japan0.919
19Liechtenstein0.919
22Slovenia0.917
23South Korea0.916
23Luxembourg0.916
25Spain0.904
26France0.901
27Czech Rep.0.900
28Malta0.895
29Estonia0.892
29Italy0.892
31UAE0.890
32Greece0.888
33Cyprus0.887
34Lithuania0.882
35Poland0.880
36Andorra0.868
37Latvia0.866
38Portugal0.864
39Slovakia0.860
40Hungary0.854
40Saudi Arabia0.854
42Bahrain0.852
43Chile0.851
43Croatia0.851
45Qatar0.848
46Argentina0.845
47Brunei 0.838
48Montenegro0.829
49Romania0.828
50Palau0.826
51Kazakhstan0.825
52Russia0.824
53Belarus0.823
54Turkey0.820
55Uruguay0.817
56Bulgaria0.816
57Panama0.815
58Bahamas0.814
58Barbados0.814
60Oman0.813
61Georgia0.812
62Costa Rica0.810
62Malaysia0.810
64Kuwait0.806
64Serbia0.806
66Mauritius0.804
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
67Seychelles0.796
67Trinidad & Tobago0.796
69Albania0.795
70Cuba0.783
70Iran 0.783
72Sri Lanka0.782
73Bosnia & Herz.0.780
74Grenada0.779
74Mexico0.779
74St. Kitts & Nevis0.779
74Ukraine0.779
78Antigua & Barbuda0.778
79Peru0.777
79Thailand0.777
81Armenia0.776
82North Macedonia0.774
83Colombia0.767
84Brazil0.765
85China0.761
86Ecuador0.759
86St.Lucia0.759
88Azerbaijan0.756
88Dominican Rep.0.756
90Moldova0.750
91Algeria0.748
92Lebanon0.744
93Fiji0.743
94Dominica0.742
95Maldives0.740
95Tunisia0.740
97St. Vincent &  Gren.0.738
97Suriname0.738
99Mongolia0.737
100Botswana0.735
101Jamaica0.734
102Jordan0.729
103Paraguay0.728
104Tonga0.725
105Libya0.724
106Uzbekistan0.720
107Bolivia0.718
107Indonesia0.718
107Philippines0.718
110Belize0.716
111Samoa0.715
111Turkmenistan0.715
113Venezuela 0.711
114South Africa0.709
115Palestine Territories0.708
116Egypt0.707
117Marshall Islands0.704
117Vietnam0.704
119Gabon0.703
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
120Kyrgyzstan0.697
121Morocco0.686
122Guyana0.682
123Iraq0.674
124El Salvador0.673
125Tajikistan0.668
126Cabo Verde0.665
127Guatemala0.663
128Nicaragua0.660
129Bhutan0.654
130Namibia0.646
131India0.645
132Honduras0.634
133Bangladesh0.632
134Kiribati0.630
135Sao Tome % Principe0.625
136Micronesia0.620
137Laos0.613
138Eswatini 0.611
138Ghana0.611
140Vanuatu0.609
141Timor-Leste0.606
142Nepal0.602
143Kenya0.601
144Cambodia0.594
145Equatorial Guinea0.592
146Zambia0.584
147Myanmar0.583
148Angola0.581
149Congo0.574
150Zimbabwe0.571
151Solomon Islands0.567
151Syria0.567
153Cameroon0.563
154Pakistan0.557
155Papua New Guinea0.555
156Comoros0.554
LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
157Mauritania0.546
158Benin0.545
159Uganda0.544
160Rwanda0.543
161Nigeria0.539
162Côte d’Ivoire0.538
163Tanzania0.529
164Madagascar0.528
165Lesotho0.527
166Djibouti0.524
167Togo0.515
168Senegal0.512
169Afghanistan0.511
170Haiti0.510
170Sudan0.510
172Gambia0.496
173Ethiopia0.485
174Malawi0.483
175DR Congo0.480
175Guinea-Bissau0.480
175Liberia0.480
178Guinea0.477
179Yemen0.470
180Eritrea0.459
181Mozambique0.456
182Burkina Faso0.452
182Sierra Leone0.452
184Mali0.434
185Burundi0.433
185South Sudan0.433
187Chad0.398
188Central African Republic0.397
189Niger0.394

The following countries or territories have been omitted due to insufficient data.

Source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)