Largest countries by area – ranked

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A ranking of the largest countries by area, measured using total surface area, using the latest data from the World Bank.

Aerial view of Lake Baikal in Russia, the largest country by area
Russia is the world’s largest country by total area (Shutterstock)

The below is an index of the world’s countries and territories measured by surface area. Surface area is the sum of all land and water areas, demarcated by international boundaries and/or coastlines.

10 largest countries by area

These are the world’s 10 largest sovereign states.

  1. Russia
  2. Canada
  3. USA
  4. China
  5. Brazil
  6. Australia
  7. India
  8. Argentina
  9. Kazakhstan
  10. Algeria

10 smallest countries by area

These are the world’s 10 smallest sovereign states.

  1. Monaco
  2. Nauru
  3. Tuvalu
  4. San Marino
  5. Liechtenstein
  6. Marshall Islands
  7. Aruba
  8. St. Kitts & Nevis
  9. Maldives
  10. Malta

Complete ranking

The table below ranks the world’s countries (and some territories) by total surface area in square kilometres (sq. km). This includes areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.


The data is collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Some dependent territories have been omitted.

RankCountrySq. km
1Russia17,098,250
2Canada9,984,670
3USA9,831,510
4China9,562,910
5Brazil8,515,770
6Australia7,741,220
7India3,287,259
8Argentina2,780,400
9Kazakhstan2,724,902
10Algeria2,381,740
11DR Congo2,344,860
12Saudi Arabia2,149,690
13Mexico1,964,375
14Indonesia1,913,580
15Sudan1,861,484
16Libya1,759,540
17Iran1,745,150
18Mongolia1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Chad1,284,000
21Niger1,267,000
22Angola1,246,700
23Mali1,240,190
24South Africa1,219,090
25Colombia1,141,749
26Ethiopia1,104,300
27Bolivia1,098,580
28Mauritania1,030,700
29Egypt1,001,450
30Tanzania947,300
31Nigeria923,770
32Venezuela912,050
33Namibia824,290
34Pakistan796,100
35Mozambique786,380
36Turkey785,350
37Chile756,700
38Zambia752,610
39Myanmar676,590
40Afghanistan652,860
41South Sudan644,329
42Somalia637,660
43Norway625,217
44Central African Rep.622,980
45Ukraine603,550
46Madagascar587,295
47Botswana581,730
48Kenya580,370
49France549,087
50Yemen527,970
51Thailand513,120
52Spain505,935
53Turkmenistan488,100
54Cameroon475,440
55Papua New Guinea462,840
56Sweden447,430
57Uzbekistan447,400
58Morocco446,550
59Iraq435,052
60Greenland410,450
61Paraguay406,752
62Zimbabwe390,760
63Japan377,970
64Germany357,580
65Congo342,000
66Finland338,450
67Vietnam331,230
68Malaysia330,345
69Cote d’Ivoire322,460
70Poland312,680
71Oman309,500
72Italy301,340
73Philippines300,000
74Burkina Faso274,220
75New Zealand267,710
76Gabon267,670
77Ecuador256,370
78Guinea245,860
79UK243,610
80Uganda241,550
81Ghana238,540
82Romania238,400
83Lao PDR236,800
84Guyana214,970
85Belarus207,600
86Kyrgyzstan199,950
87Senegal196,710
88Syrian 185,180
89Cambodia181,040
90Uruguay176,220
91Suriname163,820
92Tunisia163,610
93Bangladesh147,630
94Nepal147,180
95Tajikistan141,380
96Greece131,960
97Nicaragua130,370
98North Korea120,540
99Malawi118,480
100Eritrea117,600
101Benin114,760
102Honduras112,490
103Liberia111,370
104Bulgaria111,000
105Cuba109,880
106Guatemala108,890
107Iceland103,000
108South Korea100,339
109Hungary93,030
110Portugal92,226
111Jordan89,320
112Serbia88,360
113Azerbaijan86,600
114Austria83,879
115UAE83,600
116Czech Rep.78,870
117Panama75,420
118Sierra Leone72,300
119Ireland70,280
120Georgia69,700
121Sri Lanka65,610
122Lithuania65,286
123Latvia64,490
124Togo56,790
125Croatia56,590
126Bosnia & Herz.51,210
127Costa Rica51,100
128Slovak Rep.49,030
129Dominican Rep.48,670
130Estonia45,340
131Denmark42,920
132Netherlands41,540
133Switzerland41,290
134Bhutan38,394
135Guinea-Bissau36,130
136Moldova33,850
137Belgium30,530
138Lesotho30,360
139Armenia29,740
140Solomon Islands28,900
141Albania28,750
142Equatorial Guinea28,050
143Burundi27,830
144Haiti27,750
145Rwanda26,340
146North Macedonia25,710
147Djibouti23,200
148Belize22,970
149Israel22,070
150El Salvador21,040
151Slovenia20,675
152New Caledonia18,580
153Fiji18,270
154Kuwait17,820
155Eswatini17,360
156Timor-Leste14,870
157The Bahamas13,880
158Montenegro13,810
159Vanuatu12,190
160Qatar11,610
161Gambia11,300
162Jamaica10,990
163Kosovo10,887
164Lebanon10,450
165Cyprus9,250
166Puerto Rico8,870
167West Bank & Gaza6,020
168Brunei5,770
169Trinidad & Tobago5,130
170Bermuda4,290
171Cabo Verde4,030
172French Polynesia4,000
173Samoa2,840
174Luxembourg2,590
175Mauritius2,040
176Comoros1,861
177Faroe Islands1,396
178Hong Kong SAR, China1,110
179Sao Tome & Principe960
180Turks & Caicos Islands950
181Kiribati810
182Bahrain778
183Tonga750
184Dominica750
185Singapore719
186Micronesia700
187St. Lucia620
188Andorra470
189Seychelles460
190Palau460
191Curacao444
192Antigua & Barbuda440
193Barbados430
194St. Vincent & Gren.390
195Grenada340
196Malta320
197Maldives300
198St. Kitts & Nevis260
199Cayman Islands260
200American Samoa200
201Marshall Islands180
202Aruba180
203Liechtenstein160
204San Marino60
205Macao SAR, China30
206Tuvalu30
207Nauru20
208Gibraltar10
209Monaco2

Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators